In many cases coatings are applied to improve surface properties of the substrate, such as appearance, adhesion, wetability, corrosion resistance, wear resistance, and abrasion resistance. From an engineering and quality stand point any of these individual properties or a combination thereof can be important in enhancing the service life of a structure or a component. Read more.
Shotcrete has been around since the early part of the 20th century, and though many people think of it as new technology, the first commercial machines were available by 1915. Read more.
Gamma radiography got its start in the U.S in 1929 at the Naval Research Laboratory for the express purpose of testing thick steel castings. Read more.
Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites
There are three broad divisions within civil engineering into which applications of FRP can be classified: new construction, architectural applications, and repair and rehabilitation. FRPs have been used widely by civil engineers in the design of new structures. Read more.